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Conservation actions

ACTION C.1: Removal of invasive species from the project area

In 2013 Robinia was eliminated from 110 ha by applying mechanical (cutting) and chemical (trunk injection) methods. Ailanthus was cleared from 0,5 ha by trunk injection and lubrication of barks.Solidago was scythed and cut from 45 ha and Asclepias was treated by spraying in the entire project area (248 ha).

2014

In this year the treatment of invasive species required more efforts due to the weather characterising the year: the high number of rainy days as well as the amount of precipitation required repeated treatments (the rain in some cases washed the chemicals from the plants).

Asclepias was treated twice in the referred period by lubricating the sprouts and if necessary they were sprayed.

Robinia species were cut (all) all over the project area. In the 2nd half of 2014 the re-sprouting was treated by chemicals (trunks were painted with Lontrel) and if necessary sprouts were cut.

Ailanthus species were injected and crusts were lubricated.

Solidago was mowed and collected.

The removal work took place continuously.

2015
In accordance with the regulations post-treatment actions were done by the staff of the Budapest Forestry Co. on areas pointed by the  Fertő-Hanság National Park Directorate.
   
ACTION C.2: Removal of accumulated dead organic matter from grasslands

2013

Dead organic matter burnt on 17 ha of grassland (1st phase) in 2013.

Burning can be done when it is dry and cold with no snow on the area of burnings – at the beginning of 2013 there were no such two weeks. Winters like that of 2012-2013 are very rare in Hungary and hopefully the weather during next winters will allow carrying out the planned activities in 2013-2015.

2014

Burning a total of 49 hectares has been achieved during the winter of 2013-2014. The results were analysed by the Fertő-Hanság National Park Directorate during the monitoring activities. However, in order to remove organic materials burning inopportune time to be achieved the Budapest Forestry Co. together with the Fertő-Hanság National Park Directorate suggested an alternative option for removal of dead organic matter from the grassland wcich is also more natural solution at the same time, and it does not damage the surprising number of protected animal species found on the area. 

Today more than 100 hectares are grazed. The Hungarian Environmental Agency and the Fertő-Hanság National Park Directorate has expressed their support for this new ecosystem based grassland management method and its expansion. From next year another 55 hectares will be involved in grazing from areas of Life+ tender, according to the environmental permits acquired.

Grazing introduced by the Budapest Forestry Co. within the frame of the Hungarian Little Plain LIFE project is also a strategic goal of the government, as several local farms were supported thereby. Grazing tested on the area is also a success story of the national cooperation, because of the things we have implemented, which had not happened for decades in the region and spectacular results can be seen already during this short period of time.

Planning and implementation of grazing were continuously coordinated together with the experts of the Fertő-Hanság National Park. The construction work of the habitat restoration was implemented by the Budapest Forestry Co. under the supervision of the Fertő-Hanság National Park Directorate.

2015

Based on the intial good results the grazing area was increased up to 155 ha. Grazing is continous.

 

ACTION C.4: Reconstruction of natural landforms and rehabilitation of grasslands

In accordance with the completed technical plan during the construction the Budapest Forestry Co. and construction company experts in cooperation with the Fertő-Hanság National Park Directorate jointly appointed the transportation route and valuable habitants for nature conservation that are in good condition and small-scale. These are also mass occurrences of protected plant locations and their protection required special attention during the construction works.

The reconstruction of the big natural landforms (earth-work) started on 3rd September 2013 and ended on 13th September 2013. Rehabilitation activities necessary after the demolishment of military objects were finished on 24th September 2013. The settlement of the surface area happened on 11.5 hectares. Rehabilitation work (seedbed preparation, supply of grass seed mixture, planting) was carried out by the Budapest Forestry Co. after the reconstruction on 15.6 hectares. Seeds used for grassing were collected from the project area complemented with grass seeds purchased on the advice of the Fertő-Hanság National Park Directorate.

The landscaping activities on the project area were finished on 1st December 2013.

Collecting the seeds of sandy grassland communities in the area of LIFE was done by the Budapest Forestry Co. by manual motor scythe equipped with seed collecting adapter, by quads equipped with seed collecting adapter and by hand.
In 2013 and 2014 a total of 400 kg seed material were collected and treated (sorting, cleaning) in the area of the project by the Budapest Forestry Co. based on the advice of Fertő-Hanság National Park Directorate.
By collecting, sifting and cleaning the mowed grass we formed three fractions. During the implementation of the Action C.4 a total area of 15.6 hectares land rehabilitation was carried out instead of the planned 13.5 hectares.
Grassing was carried out by a tracktor-powered seed planting machine by Budapest Forestry Co. and the overseeding was made by hand.
Up to the year 2015 throughout the project time around 600 kgs of seed were collected. In the last year smaller overseedings were carried out.

 

 

ACTION C.5: Removal of debris and illegal waste from the project area 

Military buildings and concrete surface were demolished before the deadline set in the project proposal, 3,097.5 m3 debris (632.5 m3 from building demolition and 2,465 m3 from road demolition) was collected from the project area (the target was altogether 2,900 m3), and 3,247 m3 illegal waste was collected from the project area in August-November 2013. All concrete debris was chopped resulting in the possibility of re-using 2,778 m3. Out of this quantity 1,518 m3 was used for service road repairs on the project area. The chopped debris was tested by a laboratory before re-using it.
After mining the greatest amount of waste in one single place the pit was transformed to a wet habitat suitable for the reproduction of Amphibia and Reptilia.
As per the assessments carried out regarding the newly identified objects to be demolished and illegal waste to be removed, 236 m3 of concrete debris will be transported from the project area together with 75 m3 illegal waste.
The activity was finished in 15th December 2013.